UCD Home >

# PHPS40460

#### Biostatistics II (PHPS40460)

Subject:
Public Health & Population Sci
College:
Health & Agricultural Sciences
School:
Public Hlth, Phys & Sports Sci
Level:
4 (Masters)
Credits:
5
Module Coordinator:
Trimester:
Spring
Mode of Delivery:
Blended
Internship Module:
No

Curricular information is subject to change.

This module will build on the module PHPS40190 'Biostatistics 1', concentrating on more advanced techniques employed in the analysis of epidemiological and medical research. The control of confounding using stratified and regression modelling is described in detail and the distinction between effect modifiers and confounders in an analysis is explained. Linear and logistic regression techniques, including the use of dummy variables and modelling interaction effects, is described. Students will be introduced to the analysis of paired or clustered and repeated-measures data, including two-way ANOVA, repeated-measures ANOVA and the concept of a random effects. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of survival (or mortality) in a cohort study, covering such techniques as multiple logistic regression, the Kaplan-Meier lifetable and Cox regression.

Emphasis throughout is placed on the understanding of computer output and on the interpretation of complex results. The module is built around the computer package SPSS and gives the student a comprehensive and hands-on knowledge of how to perform multiple, logistic or Cox regression, as appropriate, and other advanced techniques using this package.

Prior to attending this module students should have a basic knowledge of the use of SPSS (entering data, defining data properties etc.). Ideally students will bring their own laptops to lectures.

###### Learning Outcomes:

At the end of this module students will be able to:
• Appreciate the usefulness and limitations of statistical modelling approaches to data analysis;
• Be able to choose an appropriate model in a given analysis situation, including assessing appropriateness and choice of covariates and interaction effects
• Use and interpret statistical software for linear, logistic or Cox regression modelling of their data;
• Present the results of regression models using correct and interpretable tables and graphs
• Critically evaluate the 'statistical methods' section of a scientific publication.

###### Indicative Module Content:

- Linear regression
- Correlation
- Logs and exponentials (revision)
- Logistic regression
- Confounding
- Interaction / effect modification
- Time-to event analyses - life tables and Kaplan-Meier curves
- Cox Proportional Hazards Regression
- Paired and longitudinal analyses with ANOVA

###### Student Effort Hours:
Student Effort Type Hours
Specified Learning Activities

20

Autonomous Student Learning

80

Lectures

20

Tutorial

4

Total

124

###### Approaches to Teaching and Learning:
The two-hour classes are a mix of lecture giving the rationale, theory and practical guide to each statistical method or approach, interspersed with active learning micro-sessions, where the students perform guided tasks on their own laptops using the statistical software package - IBM SPSS. After each exercise, the students are taken through the answers, the output to assist them in interpreting it, and developing skills in the reporting and critical analysis of statistical results. Some sessions consist predominantly of exercises of this sort, revising the skills acquired throughout the semester.
Requirements, Exclusions and Recommendations
Learning Requirements:

Students should have completed the modules PHPS40010: Fundamentals of Epidemiology, and PHPS40190: Biostatistics 1 or equivalent.
Prior to attending this module students should also have a basic knowledge of the use of SPSS (entering data, defining data properties etc.). Ideally students will bring their own laptops to lectures.

Module Requisites and Incompatibles
Not applicable to this module.

Assessment Strategy
Description Timing Open Book Exam Component Scale Must Pass Component % of Final Grade In Module Component Repeat Offered
Assignment: Practical assignment Varies over the Trimester n/a Standard conversion grade scale 40% No

20

No
Examination: Written examination 2 hour End of Trimester Exam No Standard conversion grade scale 40% No

80

No

Carry forward of passed components
No

Resit In Terminal Exam
Summer Yes - 2 Hour