CHEM10130 Applied Intro. & Phys Chem

Academic Year 2023/2024

This is a level 1 module for medicine students which introduces them to General and Physical Chemistry.
It focuses on simple atomic theory, electromagnetic radiation and energy, ionic and covalent bonding, periodicity, the mole concept and stoichiometry, chemical equations, and classification of matter and forces.
A physical chemistry section will introduce properties and laws for different states of matter and their transformations, chemical reactivity, catalysis and energetics, and the concept of equilibrium.
These conceptsare apllied to electrolytes, pH and pKa, acids/bases, salts, buffers, and related concepts.
The examples and applications used in the course to describe concepts and show them in action will be of direct relevance to medical students.

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Curricular information is subject to change

Learning Outcomes:

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. Describe the current understanding of atomic theory and relate this to the formation and reaction of molecular systems.
2. Write balanced chemical equations and do stoichiometric calculations.
3. Understand the fundamental forces governing the state of a material and the properties of solutions.
4. Use the thermochemical laws to predicting the directions of physical/chemical changes and molar concentrations of species involved.
5. Use the laws of reactions and equilibria and the Arrhenius law in practical calculations for chemical reactions, to determine pH and pKa in buffers and during titration.

Indicative Module Content:

Introduction to General Chemistry: 1) Nature of elements and the Periodic Table; 2) Nature of atomic composition, atomic structure, electron configuration, energy of atoms, and valence electrons; 3) Nature of chemical compounds and Lewis dot symbols; 4) Nature of ionic bonding; 5) Nature of covalent bonding including coordinate bonding and molecular orbitals; 6)Nature of multiple covalent bonds; 7) Nature of polyatomic compounds; 8) Nature of polarized bonds; 9) Nature of molecular interactions; 10) Nature of van der Waals interactions; 11) Nature of hydrogen bond; 12) Nature of ionic forces; 13) Nature of hydrophobic forces;
14) Nature of molecular interactions and water solubility; 15) Nature of physical phases; 16) Apply the concept of moles to calculate concentrations and dilution ratios; 17) Understand how concentrations can be measured for different chemical solution; 18) Nature of the movement of electrons during chemical reactions; 19) Nature of heterolytic and homolytic reactions; 20) Nature of oxidation and reduction; 21) Nature of acids and bases, the strength of acids/bases, and apply dissociation constants; 22) Nature of ion products of water, the pH scale, and buffering solutions; and 23) Nature of acids and bases in biology

Introduction to Physical Chemistry: 1) Sources of energy and nature of energy transfer; 2) Nature of work and heat; 3) Nature of enthalpy and entropy; 4) Nature of spontaneous processes and relationship to Gibbs free energy; 5) Nature of equilibrium reactions and the equilibrium constant; 6) Nature of binding reactions; 7) Nature of the relationship between equilibria and Gibbs free energy; 8) Nature of rates of reaction and relationship to collision theory; 9) Nature of activation energy and Catalysis; and 10) Nature of enzymes, enzyme kinetics, and enzyme inhibition;

Student Effort Hours: 
Student Effort Type Hours
Lectures

21

Tutorial

4

Laboratories

4

Autonomous Student Learning

72

Total

101

Approaches to Teaching and Learning:
Lectures - 21 x 50 min
Exercises - 4 sets of up to 15 problems related to the lecture materials to test your knowledge.
Tutorials - 4 x 50 min will be held in which problem solving skills will be taught and examinations may be administered.
Laboratories - The laboratory will introduce general chemistry experiments that explore phenomena discussed in the course. It will be composed of four x three hour lab sessions:
• Determination of the atomic weights of metals by reaction with acid
• Chemical Equilibrium and the Application of Indicators Buffer capacity: Why “blood” is thicker than water
• Determination of the concentration of Sodium bicarbonate and Sodium carbonate in a solid sample of unknown composition
• Determination of the rate constant for the Iodination of Acetone in acid solution
These laboratories will provide you firsthand experience and intuition about chemical phenomena. In addition, they will familiarise you with the operation of basic laboratory equipment, the gathering and analysis of experimental data, and become familiar with some of the safety concerns involved in chemical work.

 
Requirements, Exclusions and Recommendations
Learning Requirements:

General university matriculation requirements.

Learning Exclusions:

Students that have completed CHEM 00010, CHEM 00020, CHEM 20100 or CHEM 20080 are not permitted to register for this module.


Module Requisites and Incompatibles
Incompatibles:
CHEM00010 - Introductory Chemistry, CHEM00020 - Introductory Chemistry (Ag), CHEM20080 - Basis of Physical Chemistry, CHEM20100 - Basis of Inorganic Chemistry


 
Assessment Strategy  
Description Timing Open Book Exam Component Scale Must Pass Component % of Final Grade In Module Component Repeat Offered
Continuous Assessment: Three quizzes will take place during the year to allow students to test their knowledge of the materials covered. Assignments and tutorials may also be graded. Throughout the Trimester n/a Graded No

20

No
Examination: A final exam will be administered at the end of the semester. 2 hour End of Trimester Exam No Graded No

60

No
Lab Report: Laboratory Reports Throughout the Trimester n/a Graded Yes

20

Yes

Carry forward of passed components
Yes
 
Resit In Terminal Exam
Spring Yes - 2 Hour
Please see Student Jargon Buster for more information about remediation types and timing. 
Feedback Strategy/Strategies

• Feedback individually to students, on an activity or draft prior to summative assessment
• Group/class feedback, post-assessment

How will my Feedback be Delivered?

1) Exam grades will be posted on Brightspace and you will be provided with a key to identify problems that you did not get correct. Please follow-up with your tutor or professor should you need explanations for the answers or deeper understanding. 2) Exercises will be assigned and answers will be available on Brightspace. Please follow-up with your tutor or professor should you need explanations for the answers or deeper understanding. 3) Laboratories will we managed by staff members and graduate students. They are there to help you do the experiments but also understand the concepts and complete any calculations that are required.

Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity, Kotz, Treichel, and Townsend I recommend you purchase the ebook from Cengage/McGraw-Hill (ISBN 9781337399074).
Name Role
Dr Nadia Elghobashi-Meinhardt Lecturer / Co-Lecturer
Amélia Laetitia Auville Tutor
Ms Aisling Fleming Tutor
Mr Liam Jowett Tutor
Ms Viktorija Mikaite Tutor
Mr Shane O'Neill Tutor
Ms Eleanor Windle Tutor