ANAT30000 Sonographic anatomy

Academic Year 2023/2024

This module aims to provide students with an appreciation of living anatomy through practical application of ultrasonic imaging. The technology translates well to the clinic as point of care ultrasound has been described as the "new stethoscope" for medical practictioners. The course will taught entirely through small group practical sessions where students are assigned to workstations and will be instructed in the use of the "Butterfly probe". This novel solid state technology permits visualisation of most topographical areas with just one probe.
All anatomical areas: limbs, thorax, trunk and head/neck will be imaged. It is important that only students who consent to act as models enroll in this module as the data will be registered through peer to peer sonography and team work. On completion of the module, student competency will be assessed through objective structured clinical examinations.

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Curricular information is subject to change

Learning Outcomes:

The outcomes include the following learning end points:

Be competent in the use of a point of care ultrasound (POCUS) probe
Be confident in optimising image quality and fields of view
Be able to image the various nerves and arteries of the limbs
Conduct a FAST (focussed assessment with sonography in trauma) exam of trunk
Find superfical and deep veins of limbs
Obtain the classic sonographic views of the beating heart
DIagnose pneumothorax
Calculate the volume of the gallbladder
Calculate the bladder volume
Use Doppler colour imaging to assess vascularity and direction of blood flow
Measure the diameter of the optic nerve
Assess inferior cava for evidence of volume depletion or overload
Determine the jugular venous pressure
Have a working knowledge of MSK imaging (musculoskeletal)

Indicative Module Content:

Imaging the Hand: dorsal and volar (palmar) aspects
Imaging the structures of the elbow
Imaging the shoulder: rotator cuff muscles and acromioclavicular joint
Imaging the neck: Thyroid gland, internal jugular vein and carotid arteries
Imaging the eye
Regional anaesthesia 1: interclavicular block, axillary region, deep cervical nerves
Imaging the thorax: pleural imaging and lung signs
Imaging the heart: parasternal long axis, subxiphoid 4 chamber, parasternal short axis, apical 4 chamber view
Hepatobiliary imaging
Kidneys and bladder
FAST imaging
Imaging the structures of the hip
Compartments of the thigh: anterior
Compartments of the thigh: posterior
Imaging the structures of the knee
Sonographic anatomy of the leg
Imaging the veins of the lower limb
Imaging the anatomical structures of the tarsal tunnel and foot.

Student Effort Hours: 
Student Effort Type Hours






Approaches to Teaching and Learning:
First the relevant anatomy will be revised through didatic teaching
There will be live demonstrations or pre recorded videos of the ultrasound technique.
Students will engage in small groups of 4 participants per workstation. Images will be optimised and
recorded to cloud (there are 10 workstations).
Clinical applications will be discussed.
A review of captured images will conclude the practical element.
Requirements, Exclusions and Recommendations

Not applicable to this module.

Module Requisites and Incompatibles
ANAT20080 - Musculoskeletal Biology, ANAT20120 - Human Form

Assessment Strategy  
Description Timing Open Book Exam Component Scale Must Pass Component % of Final Grade In Module Component Repeat Offered
Examination: Objective structured clinical examination. Week 12 No Pass/Fail Grade Scale Yes



Carry forward of passed components
Remediation Type Remediation Timing
In-Module Resit Prior to relevant Programme Exam Board
Please see Student Jargon Buster for more information about remediation types and timing. 
Feedback Strategy/Strategies

• Feedback individually to students, on an activity or draft prior to summative assessment

How will my Feedback be Delivered?

Not yet recorded.