ANAT20060 Locomotor Biology

Academic Year 2023/2024

The structure and function of the human lower limb is examined in this module. The various contributory elements including bones, muscles, nerves and blood vessels are considered in detail as well as the relationship between these structural constituents and their functional interactions. In addition, the structure of the vertebral column, limb development and bone growth, fracture and repair will be covered. Understanding and predicting clinical outcomes resulting from damage to constituent elements of the lower limb will form an integral part of the module. This module forms part of the core curriculum for the MB BCh BAO degree in medicine.

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Curricular information is subject to change

Learning Outcomes:

On completion of this module students should be able to:
1. Describe the topographical and surface anatomy of the lower limb.
2. Explain and evaluate the functions, relationships and interactions of the constituent elements including bones, muscles, nerves and blood vessels.
3. Discuss the mechanisms of bone growth, fracture and repair.
4. Describe limb development.
5. Describe the structure and function of the vertebral column and limb muscles in relation to posture and locomotion.
6. Appraise and evaluate the consequences to function of damage to the constituent elements of the lower limb

Indicative Module Content:

Introduction; Overview & Fascia
Osteology of the os coxa and femur
Gluteal region including neurovascular structures and relationships
Posterior compartment of the thigh & hip joint
Anterior compartment of the thigh
Medial compartment of the thigh & neurovascular structures and relationships in the anteromedial thigh
Sacral Plexus
Lumbar Pexus
Osteology of the leg
Knee Joint
Anterior & lateral compartments of the leg including neurovascular structures and relationships
Posterior compartment of the leg & neurovascular structures and relationships; Tibiofibular and
ankle joints
Foot: intrinsic muscles & neurovascular structures
Foot: joints and arches
Foot revision
Bone fracture and repair
Knee examination
Arterial supply and Venous and lymphatic drainage of lower limb
Posture & gait
Bone growth and development
Limb Development
Translating theory to practice for the lower limb

Student Effort Hours: 
Student Effort Type Hours
Autonomous Student Learning








Approaches to Teaching and Learning:
Anatomy dissection classes
Surface Anatomy 
Requirements, Exclusions and Recommendations

Not applicable to this module.

Module Requisites and Incompatibles
ANAT10110 - Clinical Human Anatomy I, ANAT10130 - Anatomy for Sports Science I, ANAT20120 - Human Form

Locomotor Biology (MDSA10060)

Assessment Strategy  
Description Timing Open Book Exam Component Scale Must Pass Component % of Final Grade In Module Component Repeat Offered
Continuous Assessment: SAQ Throughout the Trimester n/a Alternative linear conversion grade scale 40% No


Examination: Multiple Choice Questionnaire 1 hour End of Trimester Exam No Alternative linear conversion grade scale 40% No



Carry forward of passed components
Resit In Terminal Exam
Spring Yes - 1 Hour
Please see Student Jargon Buster for more information about remediation types and timing. 
Feedback Strategy/Strategies

• Group/class feedback, post-assessment

How will my Feedback be Delivered?

Special session wil be devoted to review of SAQ post examination. Answers provided.

Name Role
Dr Deirdre Brennan Tutor
Professor James Jones Tutor
Dr Stephen Thorpe Tutor